Square silver Zar finger-rings with a domed central portion. Made of wire-work and granulation. It was worn for daily use but for a special healing ceremony called the "Zar" ceremony.
The purpose of the Zar ceremony is to exorcise evil spirits. Compare the Black Masses, held in the past, in Christianity. For a description of the Zar process see the beginning of the amulets section. The communal Zar ceremony was conducted by a trained master who performed rituals using incantations, drums, singing, fire, blood and frankincense in order to exorcise evil spirits (Jinns) that possessed the patient causing her illness. Worn by men and women to:
Protect against evil
Be worn at the point during the Zar ceremony after the "patient" has been washed and newly dressed and with new jewelry
Be used as a gift during the Zar ceremony
See the slide-show for five examples of Zar rings.